There are several functional roles that words and phrases fill in a sentence:
SUBJECT (SUB) which is the do-er of a verb;
DIRECT OBJECT (DO) which is the object that the verb acts up on;
INDIRECT OBJECT (IO) which is the receiver of the object acted upon by the verb;
SUBJECT COMPLEMENT (SC) which modified the subject; and
OBJECT COMPLEMENT (OC) which modifies the direct object.
Watch those abbreviations, they’ll come in real handy down the line.
It doesn’t matter if it is a single word like ‘red’ or a complex phrase like ‘dripping, rich, blood red’ — the word or phrase would take up the space of a single functional role in a sentence.
As for verb types, there are five in Neradsof:
Intransitive Verbs (VI) which are verbs that require a subject, such as in ‘Dianne cried'.‘
Simple Transitive Verbs (VT) which are verbs that require a direct object, such as in ‘Dianne studied history.’
Linking Verbs (VL) which are verbs that require a subject complement, such as in ‘Dianne is intelligent.‘
Ditransitive OC Verbs (Vc) which are verbs that require a direct object and an object complement, such as in ‘Dianne considered Katy a dear friend.‘
Ditransitive IO Verbs (Vg) which are verbs that require a direct and indirect object, such as in ‘Dianne made Kenneth a cup of tea.‘
These verb types are also not limited to being applied to a single word. An entire verb phrase, or verb construct in the case of Neradsof, may fill the functional role of the verb in a sentence. That verb will necessarily fall into one of these five categories.