Functional Roles & Verb Types Addendum

Functional Roles

There are several functional roles that words and phrases fill in a sentence:

  1. SUBJECT (SUB) which is the do-er of a verb;

  2. DIRECT OBJECT (DO) which is the object that the verb acts up on;

  3. INDIRECT OBJECT (IO) which is the receiver of the object acted upon by the verb;

  4. SUBJECT COMPLEMENT (SC) which modified the subject; and

  5. OBJECT COMPLEMENT (OC) which modifies the direct object.

Watch those abbreviations, they’ll come in real handy down the line.

It doesn’t matter if it is a single word like ‘red’ or a complex phrase like ‘dripping, rich, blood red’ — the word or phrase would take up the space of a single functional role in a sentence.


Verb Types

As for verb types, there are five in Neradsof:

  1. Intransitive Verbs (VI) which are verbs that require a subject, such as in ‘Dianne cried'.‘

  2. Simple Transitive Verbs (VT) which are verbs that require a direct object, such as in ‘Dianne studied history.’

  3. Linking Verbs (VL) which are verbs that require a subject complement, such as in ‘Dianne is intelligent.

  4. Ditransitive OC Verbs (Vc) which are verbs that require a direct object and an object complement, such as in ‘Dianne considered Katy a dear friend.

  5. Ditransitive IO Verbs (Vg) which are verbs that require a direct and indirect object, such as in ‘Dianne made Kenneth a cup of tea.

These verb types are also not limited to being applied to a single word. An entire verb phrase, or verb construct in the case of Neradsof, may fill the functional role of the verb in a sentence. That verb will necessarily fall into one of these five categories.